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At a minimum your idea needs to pass limitations in the US laws 35 U.S.C. 101, 102, and 103 -- in order for the idea to gain a patent.
Patentable Subject Matter: 35 U.S.C. 101
An invention must be patentable subject matter in order for the invention to obtain a patent. Patentable subject matter is: (a) a process (e.g. a way of making a chemical), (b) a machine (e.g. a new power drill), (c) a manufacture (e.g. a new part for a power drill), or (d) a composition of matter (e.g. a new wood varnish). Even if the invention is a process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, the invention cannot be an abstract idea, natural phenomena, or law of nature.
Novelty: 35 U.S.C. 102
An invention must be novel in order for the invention to obtain a patent. An invention is novel if all the elements of the invention were not previously described by someone else. An invention is not novel if all the elements of the invention were: (a) described in a printed publication (e.g. an academic article, blog post, etc.); (b) in public use (e.g. a used known home remedy for treating a cold like mixing tea and honey); (c) on sale (e.g. a product on the market); or (d) otherwise available to the public (e.g. an invention in a Youtube video).
Nonobvious: 35 U.S.C. 103
An invention must be nonobvious in order for the invention to obtain a patent. An invention may be novel (all the elements of the invention were not previously described by someone else), but the invention may be obvious. The meaning of obvious in patent law is similar to the normal definition of obvious. In patent law, an invention is obvious if someone who is familiar with the type of invention would interpret the invention as not sufficiently different than previously known inventions.
 35 U.S.C. 101
 MPEP 2106.04
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